|Its all about ships
Copenhagen is a large, cosmopolitan city, It has both a modern
section and a more historic section that is where most of the
attractions that visitors come to see are located. As a result, it has
the feel of a modern city that is in touch with and proud of its
heritage. It has a relaxed pace and has been recognized for its high
quality of life as well as for the quality of the environment.
Located on the eastern coast of Denmark, primarily on the island of
Zealand, Copenhagen is situated on the Oresund, the strait that lies
between Denmark and Sweden. This strait connects the North Sea to
the Baltic and this strategic location has played an important part in
the growth of the city.
Copenhagen is the largest city in Scandinavia. The greater
metropolitan area has a population of approximately 1.9 million
people. However, there are some 2.8 million people in the Oresund
region. A bridge now connects Copenhagen with the Swedish city of
Malmo and the two cities are starting to become a single
As the capital of Denmark, Copenhagen is the seat of the nation's
government and is home to its Royal Family. It is a business and
cultural center as well.
Copenhagen lends itself to walking with many of the main attractions
located within walking distance of each other. There are also taxis,
buses and a metro system. Many residents travel by bicycle.
A city with an extensive history, there are many places of historical
interest in Copenhagen. In addition, there are numerous museums
and other attractions. (See Places of Interest).
The best known shopping area is the Stroget, a pedestrian street near
the City Hall. However, beware that Copenhagen has been ranked as
one of the world's most expensive cities.
Although Denmark is a member of the European Union, it does not
use the Euro as currency. Instead, it uses its own Danish krone.
Major credit cards are generally accepted.
There is a value added tax on most purchases. However, subject
to various conditions, visitors from outside the European Union can
apply to have the VAT refunded when they leave Denmark.
Above: Cunard's Queen Victoria at the Langelinie Pier.
Below: Celebrity Constellation at the Langelinie Pier.
Right: Crown Princess at the Freeport Terminal.
Above: A model of Copenhagen in medieval times is
displayed outside of the City Museum.
Below: Folk dancers in traditional Danish costumes
performing on Queen Elizabeth 2.
AND CRUISE PORT.......................................................................Page One
PLACES OF INTEREST IN COPENHAGEN................................Page Two
NEARBY PLACES OF INTEREST................................................Page Three
Although there is evidence of settlements in the area
beforehand, the founding of Copenhagen is traditionally
regarded as occurring in 1167 when Bishop Absalon built a
fortress on the site now occupied by the Christiansborg Palace.
The settlement's position at the exit of the Baltic into the North
Sea was not only strategic militarily but also conducive to
trade. Indeed, the name Copenhagen is believed to be a
corruption of a word meaning "merchant's harbor."
As the city's importance as a trading center grew, it was
repeatedly attacked by the German Hanseatic League, which
dominated trade in the Baltic. Danish history from then until
the middle of the 20th Century is plagued by wars either with
Germany or Sweden.
One name that visitors to Copenhagen will undoubtedly
hear is that of King Christian IV, who reigned Denmark for 59
years beginning in 1588. He was a popular king and sought to
increase Denmark's power in the Baltic. His passion for
building can be seen in Copenhagen's Renaissance palaces of
Christiansborg and Frederiksborg.
During the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark tried to remain
neutral in order to trade with both France and Great Britain. It
joined the League of Armed Neutrality with Russia, Sweden
and Prussia in 1800. However, the British saw this move as a
de facto alliance with France and in 1801, Admiral Horatio
Lord Nelson led an attack by a British fleet against the Danish
fleet in Copenhagen harbor. The British prevailed but it is
considered the most hard fought of Nelson's victories.
In 1807, the British again attacked Copenhagen and there
was considerable damage to the city. The remainder of the
Danish fleet was ceded to Britain.
At the end of the Napoleonic Wars, Denmark was forced
to cede Norway to Sweden, which had joined the Allies
against Napoleon. Another significant loss of territory came in
1864 when Denmark was forced to cede the provinces of
Schleswig and Holstein to Bismarck's Prussia.
Nonetheless, the 19th Century is sometimes considered a
golden age for Denmark during which the arts flourished and
social progress was made. Escaping the revolutionary turmoil
that griped much of Europe, Denmark peacefully became a
constitutional monarchy in 1849. Also, several Copenhagen
landmarks including as the Tivoli Gardens and the Town Hall
were built during this period. Denmark remained
neutral during World War I. Following the war, the people of
Schleswig and Holstein voted to re-join Denmark.
Even though Denmark had again declared its neutrality, it
was invaded by Nazi Germany at the start of World War II. In
hopes of persuading the Danes to join with Germany, the full
brunt of Nazi oppression was not immediately applied.
However, the Danes did not cooperate. Indeed, several ships
of the Royal Danish Navy were scuttled in Copenhagen harbor
to prevent them from falling into Nazi hands. The country then
suffered a brutal occupation. This was countered by an active
resistance, which is credited with smuggling more than 7,000
Jews to Sweden and safety.
After the war, Denmark joined the United Nations. In
1949, Denmark became a member of NATO and in 1973, a
member of the European Economic Community and
subsequently its successor the European Union.
THE CRUISE PORT Cruise ships calling in
Copenhagen berth at two different locations.
Most ships dock at the Langelinie Pier,
which is within walking distance of several of
Copenhagen's main attractions. It is also a
pleasant walk with shade trees and views of
There is no terminal building. Rather, the
ships tie up parallel to the street and extend a
gangway from one of the shell doors onto the
street. More than one ship can and frequently
do dock here.
Ships embarking passengers in Copenhagen
often berth at the Freeport Terminal. This
terminal is in a more commercial part of the
seaport and is further from the center of town.
It is not within walking distance of the City's
The Dragon Tail Spire atop the Borsen, built in
1624. Once the home of the stock exchange, it is
now owned by the chamber of commerce.
A Scandinavian tradition is to build bonfires
including a straw witch on Midsummers Day. The
fire sends the witch off to a mountain in Germany.
Cruise destination guide - - photo tour - - Copenhagen, Denmark - - page 1
* This photo tour and the accompanying commentary should only be viewed as a general guide that is based upon one writer's research
and experiences. Accordingly, readers should do their own research prior to their journey. Beyondships is not affiliated with any of the
The old section of Copenhagen.
The Danish Navy frigate Peder Skram (F 352) served
during the Cold War and is now a museum in
Above: The Nyhavn was once Copenhagen's seaport area.
It is now known for its upscale restaurants and cafés.